Hummingbird Food Recipe (Won’t Harm Birds)

Hi! I'm


I'm a Certified Health Coach, longtime blogger, and host of Elizabeth Eats on YouTube. In addition to writing recipes (I love to eat!), I'm a strong believer that life is too short to settle for anything less than living your best life.


Breakfast IDEAS

Dinner IDEAS



Hummingbird Food Recipe

We recently added a hummingbird feeder to our back patio and love it! I highly suggest getting one—and making your own food with this hummingbird food recipe while you’re at it.

Making your own hummingbird food will save you a ton of money (like 98% savings, see below!) because the stuff that you buy at the garden store is just simple syrup (aka sugar water).

At the checkout line when we bought ours, I grabbed a liter of “hummingbird food” for 10 bucks to get it started right away. When we got home, I noticed the ingredients were just sugar and water. With his expert cocktail making skills, my boyfriend tasted it and said, “Yep, that’s just simple syrup.”


Now we know. There’s absolutely no reason to spend $10 on food when you can make the same thing at home for around 25 cents! That’s almost a 98% markup! Geesh. Now we make it ourselves.

Hummingbird Food Recipe (Won’t Harm Birds)

To make perfect hummingbird food that will attract hummingbirds but won’t harm them, simply combine 1 cup of white sugar into 3-4 cups boiling water. Remove from heat, let the sugar dissolve, and bring the mixture to room temperature. Voila! The perfect homemade hummingbird food recipe.

Be sure to read below for what NOT to do, and print the recipe below or bookmark this page to remember it.

If you’ve followed me for a while you might be wondering why I’m blogging about a hummingbird food recipe. Well, my grandmother’s favorite animal was the hummingbird—she even had a tiny one especially laser etched onto the lens of her big glasses.

I have fond memories of having chats with her with that little hummingbird next to her eye. She passed almost 12 years ago, but even now whenever we see a hummingbird, one of my sisters will remark, “Hey, there’s Grandma Helen coming to say hi to us.” So yes, hummingbirds are special to me 🙂

What You Should Know About Homemade Hummingbird Food

1. Do NOT add Dye or Food Coloring to Hummingbird Food

Back in the day, people used to add red food coloring to hummingbird food to mimic the color of a flower. However, not only is this an unnecessary expense, it can harm the birds. Do not add any type of coloring to your hummingbird food. Most hummingbird feeders contain some type of red flower decoration which is perfect! We have a clear glass feeder with red flowers and get a ton of hummingbird visitors.

Hummingbird Food Recipe

2. Only use white cane sugar—(No honey or other types of sugar)

Unlike humans, the nutrients in sugars can harm birds. For that reason, do not use honey, raw or turbinado sugar, brown sugar, molasses, or powdered sugar (it contains corn starch). The only thing you should use is straight-up white sugar  (aka cane sugar). If it has any color at all, it still has too many nutrients in it (I know! The exact opposite of the advice I give humans 😉 ). This is the one time I’ll tell you to only use white sugar.

3. Use small quantities and clean your feeder often

Homemade hummingbird food is basically a version of simple syrup and will keep in your refrigerator for two weeks. Since this is just sugar water, it can mold in hot weather. And, hot water sitting outside is just asking for trouble in large quantities. We fill our feeder with 1-2 cups of water every 10 days or so (or when it’s low). Also, be sure to wash your feeder with soap and water every month or so to prevent it from getting sticky or moldy.

4. Watch for mold

Keep an eye on your feeder for mold. You don’t have to obsess about this, and it will honestly depend on your climate. Just stay mindful that this is sugar water sitting outside. Check it in the fridge before you use it, and take a look at the water in your feeder often. If you ever see mold (it will probably be grey-ish), dump the sugar water and clean the feeder with hot soapy water. Then fill again. We’ve had ours for months and never noticed mold (I live in Seattle, again, it will depend on your climate.

Hummingbird Food Recipe

Is this Homemade Hummingbird Food Safe for birds?

Yes! A feeder with hummingbird food like this recipe below is perfectly safe.

It’s not true that they become “addicted” or that it’s their only source of food. Hummingbirds will still feed on the nectar of plants and go about their business as usual. Food like this just lets them stop by for a safe visit.

clock clock iconcutlery cutlery iconflag flag iconfolder folder iconinstagram instagram iconpinterest pinterest iconfacebook facebook iconprint print iconsquares squares iconheart heart iconheart solid heart solid icon
Hummingbird Food Recipe

Hummingbird Food Recipe (Won’t Harm Birds)

  • Author: Elizabeth Rider
  • Prep Time: 5 minutes
  • Cook Time: 5 minutes
  • Total Time: 10 minutes
  • Yield: 4 cups 1x
  • Method: Boil


This easy homemade hummingbird food recipe is super simple to make and won’t harm hummingbirds. In fact, they love it! Add it to an attractive hummingbird feeder at least 4 feet off the ground and away from bird’s nests. Your patio is a great place to put it.


  • 4 cups of filtered water
  • 1 cup cane sugar (aka plain white sugar—do NOT use any other sugar)*(Never add food coloring to hummingbird food—it can harm birds.)


  1. Boil the water. Remove from heat. Stir in the sugar and let it sit for a minute until it dissolves. Stir it again to make the sugar water uniform (the sugar should be completely dissolved.)
  2. Let your new hummingbird food cool to room temperature. Add it to your hummingbird feeder.
  3. Store the rest in an airtight glass container in your refrigerator up to two weeks.


*Only use white cane sugar. No honey, powdered sugar, turbinado sugar, or any other sugar as they may contain concentrated plant nutrients that can harm hummingbirds. Use straight up white cane sugar.

Filtered water is best, but tap water works, too.

Keywords: hummingbird food, homemade hummingbird food, hummingbird food recipe, hummingbird feeder

Fun Facts About Hummingbirds:

  • There are over 300 types of hummingbirds
  • Hummingbirds are tiny and come in a variety of different glittery colors
  • Hummingbird wings “hum” at an audible level, which is one of the reasons people are fascinated with them
  • Because of the rate at which their wings move and “hum,” hummingbirds expend a tremendous amount of energy—which is why taking a sip from your hummingbird feeder each day helps them out!

Leave A Review + Read The Comments →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recipe rating 5 Stars 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star

  1. ms match says:

    that is the only safe recipe and i stopped added red food coloring long ago….I keep my feeders in the shade as hanging in the hot sun heats the water up so hot they can’t drink it.

  2. Lynn Wistar says:

    I live in Seattle, too. I’ve never had a mold problem. The recipe couldn’t be easier. Thank you, and hats off to your Grandmother.

  3. My. Name. Is. Tammy. Weiland
    I. Was. Wondering. If. They
    Can. Have. Flavoer. Splashy
    In. Ther.e. Humming. Bird
    Feeder. Thanks. Tammy

  4. confused says:

    Why do you need to say it’s safe for birds in the title.. surely the fact you’re suggesting it in the first place means it’s okay. Do you make recipes that aren’t okay to ingest?

    • Some store-bought hummingbird foods are not safe for birds because they have food coloring, but stores still sell them. And, some people don’t boil the water, which can create an environment that grows bacteria. That’s why it says “won’t harm birds.”

  5. Allan Jolly says:

    Question. Other than making it easier to dissolve, why boil the water? I’m able to mix it with cold water. Please respond to my email. I don’t get out here much. Thank you in advance!

    • Mark K says:

      Boiling the water is a good idea just to sterilize and neutralize any impurities.
      Let it cool in the freezer and take out at room temp.

      • Angela says:

        Boil to remove impurities from the sugar and water as well is why we boil it safer that way never use cold

        • Angela says:

          Also because the impurities from the water and sugar can harm the hummingbird if you don’t boil it wich is why I always would suggest boiling it and also maybe using filtered water but tap is ok as long as you boil to take the impurities out that’s all have a great one guys

  6. Irene Fay says:

    I haven’t tried the recipe yet, but these birds are magical to me too. I can help myself fall asleep by imagining the rapid fluttering sound in my ear. My friend, who is a spiritual guide, helped me conjure up that image during a meditation. I love your Grandma story. We share a similar “hello” to my mother in law when we see a butterfly, her favorite totem. Thanks!

Hi, I'm Elizabeth

I'm a strong believer that life is too short to settle for anything less than living your best life. 

as seen in:

JOIN 65,000+ People reading


Get free access to seasonal curated recipe guides, new recipes, exclusive notes, The Friday 5, savings offers, and more delivered straight to your inbox.  I only send the good stuff.



READ          LATEST


50 Healthy Recipes Everyone Loves

Discover which meal of the day you need help with the most, and receive a recipe ebook filled with healthful & delicious recipes based on your personal quiz results. 

Grab it here



join over 65,000+ readers who love my WEEKLY newsletter


Recipes, curated seasonal guides, and recommendations to make life better this week. You'll get inspiration to make awesome food at home and create a healthy lifestyle you love.